The Bluebook


Terms of Use

Effective Date: February 15, 2008


The Harvard Law Review Association, on behalf of itself, the Columbia Law Review Association, Inc., The Yale Law Journal Company, Incorporated and the University of Pennsylvania Law Review (collectively, “we” and “us”) provides the Bluebook Online and all site-related services and content (collectively, the “Site”) subject to your compliance with the terms and conditions set forth in this agreement (the “Agreement”). By using the Site, you agree to be bound by this Agreement. If you do not agree to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, you may not use the Site.

This Agreement is made between us and Site visitor and/or subscriber (“you”). We reserve the right to change the terms of this Agreement at any time. Any such changes we make will be effective immediately upon the posting of the changes on the Site. Your use of the Site after such revision will be deemed acceptance of such changes so it is important to review this Agreement periodically for the most current version.


1. General Restrictions

This Site is protected by copyrights, trademarks and other proprietary rights, and except as specifically provided in this Agreement, your use of the Site shall be governed and constrained by applicable copyright, trademark and other intellectual property laws, in addition to this Agreement.  You specifically agree that we own all intellectual property rights in and to the content offered on the Site (regardless of whether those rights are registered).

Your access to and use of the information contained on the Site is also subject to the following additional restrictions: 

  • You may not modify, publish, transmit, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, display, incorporate into another website, or in any other way exploit the information contained on the Site, in whole or in part. 
  • You agree not to use or display the trademarks BLUEBOOK ONLINE, THE BLUEBOOK or THE BLUEBOOK: A UNIFORM SYSTEM OF CITATION or any confusingly similar or dilutive words without our prior written consent. 
  • You may not restrict or inhibit the functionality or use of this Site or the use of this Site by any other visitor or subscriber, including, without limitation, by means of “hacking” or defacing any portion of the Site. 
  • You may not use the Site for any unlawful purpose or for any commercial purpose other than your own law practice. 
  • As a subscriber to the Site, you may add Bookmarks and Annotations as needed for your own personal use and share these items with other subscribers to the Site who are members of your Group but you may not give, store or forward to others, in any form, any substantial portion of the information contained on the Site. Except as expressly provided by this Agreement, any use of the Site and its content is strictly prohibited without our written consent. 
  • While using the Site, you agree to comply with all applicable laws, rules and regulations.


2. Registration and Subscription

Although certain areas of the Site do not require you to be a subscriber to the Site, most areas do. By subscribing to the Site, you are granted a limited license to use the contents of the Site to assist in your practice and/or study of law.  Your rights as a subscriber to the Site are personal and nonassignable.  You may not allow or enable any other person to access the Site through you, or to use your user name and/or password to gain access to the Site.  You will be responsible for the acts of omissions of anyone accessing the Site through you or by using your name and/or password, without limitation for any violation of this Agreement. 

When and if you register to become a subscriber (or if you make a purchase on the Site), you will be asked to supply certain information applicable to your purchase, including, without limitation, credit card information. You understand that any such information will be treated by us in the manner described in our Privacy Policy and:

  • You agree to provide true, accurate, current and complete information about yourself as requested by our registration form (including your email address); 
  • You agree to maintain and update your information (including your email address) to keep it true, accurate, current, and complete; and
  • You agree to pay all charges incurred by your account at the price(s) in effect when such charges are incurred and to pay any applicable taxes relating to such purchases.
  • You acknowledge that, if any information provided by you is untrue, inaccurate, not current, or incomplete, we reserve the right to terminate this Agreement and your use of the Site. You also acknowledge that verification of information may be required prior to our acceptance of any order and that the price and availability of any product or service are subject to change without notice.

Please note that you are responsible for maintaining the confidentiality of your username and password to the Site and, therefore, you are responsible for any and all purchases and other activities that are conducted through your account.


3. Other Content

The Site may include hyperlinksto other websites, content or resources. We may have no control over any websites, content or resources which areprovided by third-party companies, organizations or persons, including but notlimited to individual websites associated with TheHarvard Law Review Association, the Columbia Law Review Association, Inc., TheYale Law Journal Company, Incorporated or the University of Pennsylvania LawReview.  You acknowledge and agreethat we are not responsible for the availability of any such external websites,content or resources, and that we do not endorse any advertising, products orother materials on or available from such websites, content or resources.


4. Disclaimers

We, our affiliates, suppliers and agents expresslydisclaim, to the fullest extent permissible under applicable law, allwarranties, express or implied, including but not limited to implied warrantiesof title, merchantability, non-infringement or fitness for a particularpurpose.

TheSite is provided on an “as is” and “as available” basis, and we do not warrantthe accuracy, completeness, authenticity or timeliness of any of theinformation available on the Site or the functionality, availability oroperability of the Site at any given time. We and our affiliates, suppliers,and agents do not warrant that your use of the Site will be uninterrupted,error-free, or secure, that defects will be corrected, or that the site (or theserver(s) on which it is hosted) is free of viruses or other harmfulcomponents.

No opinion, advice, or statement given by us or our affiliates, suppliers,agents, subscribers, or visitors shall create any warranty of any kind ornature whatsoever.

You acknowledge that you are responsible for obtaining and maintainingall equipment needed to access and use the Site, and for paying any and allcharges related to such equipment.

If you believe that the Site includes inaccuracies or errors, please contact usat with, ifpossible, a description of the material in question and its location on theSite, as well as your contact information, and we will try to address yourconcerns as soon as reasonably practicable. You agree that we have full right to amend or correct the Site basedupon any such inaccuracies and/or errors disclosed by you.


5. Limitation of Liability

Any reliance on or use by you of any informationavailable on the Site will be entirely at your own risk. In no event will we orour suppliers, affiliates, or agents be liable to you or any other party forany direct, indirect, special, consequential, punitive or other damages underany contract, negligence, strict liability or other theory arising out of or relatingin any way to the Site or any product or service purchased through the site.Your sole remedy for dissatisfaction with the Site is to stop using the Site.


6. Indemnification

Youagree to indemnify, defend and hold us, our suppliers, affiliates, and agents(and our/their officers, directors, employees, agents and representatives)harmless from and against any and all claims, damages, losses, costs (includingreasonable attorneys’ fees), or other expenses that arise directly orindirectly out of or from (a) your actual or alleged breach of this Agreement;(b) any allegation that any materials that you submit to us or transmit to theSite infringe or otherwise violate the copyright, trademark, trade secret,patent or other intellectual property or other rights of any third party;and/or (c) your activities in connection with the Site.


7. Jurisdiction

The Site is solely directed to individuals residing in the United States. We control and operate the Site from within, without limitation, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, United States of America. We make no representation that materials in the Site are appropriate or available for use in locations other than the United States of America. Those who choose to access the Site from other locations do so at their own risk, and are responsible for compliance with local laws, if and to the extent local laws are applicable. We reserve the right to, at our sole discretion, limit the availability of the Site and/or the provision of any service or other product described on or related to the Site in any manner, at any time, anywhere in the world (including without limitation the United States of America).


8. Termination

Theprovisions of this Agreement will continue to apply until they and/or thisAgreement are/is terminated.  If, at anytime, we determine in good faith that you have violated this Agreement, we mayterminate your access to the Site.  

Upon termination of this Agreement, your right to use the Site shallimmediately cease, and you shall destroy all materials obtained from the Site, allcopies thereof, and all materials based thereon, whether made under the termsof this Agreement or otherwise.  Regardlessof the reason for termination, you will not be entitled to, nor will you receive,any refund of payment associated with becoming a subscriber, making purchasesfrom or through the Site, or otherwise using the Site.


9. Miscellaneous

ThisAgreement and any legal action to enforce this Agreement shall be governed exclusivelyby the laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, without regard to theCommonwealth of Massachusetts conflict or choice of laws principles. By usingthis Site you agree to be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the stateand federal courts of The Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

If any provision of this Agreement is found to be unlawful, void, or for anyreason unenforceable, then that provision shall be deemed severed from thisAgreement and shall not affect the validity and enforceability of any remainingprovisions.

No waiver by either party of any breach or default hereunder shall be deemed tobe a waiver of any preceding or subsequent breach or default. Any heading,caption or section title contained in this Agreement is inserted only as amatter of convenience and in no way defines or explains any section orprovision hereof.